10,000 BCE • Global
The mastodon lived from about 3.7 million years ago until its extinction about 10,000 BC and inhabited Asia, Africa, Europe, North America and Central America. The American mastodon ranged from Alaska to Florida. Its extinction is presumably due to climate change and Paleo-Indian hunting.
Image: "Great Mastodon." Godman, John D. 1794-1830. Digital ID: 416927. Courtesy of the NYPL.