Extinct circa 2012 CE • Japan
"Japan’s Ministry of the Environment today declared the Japanese river otter (Lutra lutra whiteleyi) extinct. Last seen in 1979 in the city of Susaki on the island of Shikoku, the unique subspecies was killed-off by overhunting and loss of habitat due to development . . . Up until the Twentieth Century, the Japanese river otter was common in rivers across the country, feeding on fish and shrimp. Several expeditions to discover the mammal were undertaken in the 1990s. Yoshihiko Machida, a researcher at Kochi University, told The Japan Daily Press that he believes the animal may still survive based on scat found in 1999."
Jeremy Hance, "Japan declares its river otter extinct," Mongabay, August 28, 2012, https://news.mongabay.com/2012/08/japan-declares-its-river-otter-extinct/.
Image: Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons