Falkland Islands Wolf

Extinct circa 1876 CEFalkland Islands

"The only quadruped native to the island is a large wolf-like fox, which is common to both East and West Falkland. I have no doubt it is a peculiar species, and confined to this archipelago; because many sealers, Gauchos, and Indians, who have visited these islands, all maintain that no such animal is found in any part of South America . . . The Gauchos also have frequently in the evening killed them by holding out a piece of meat in one hand and in the other a knife ready to stick them. As far as I am aware, there is no other instance in any part of the world of so small a mass of broken land, distant from a continent, possessing so large an aboriginal quadruped peculiar to itself. Their numbers have rapidly decreased . . Within a very few years after these islands shall have become regularly settled, in all probability this fox will be classed with the dodo, as an animal which has perished from the face of the earth."

Image: Dusicyon Australis, Charles Darwin and George R. Waterhouse, "The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle," 1838.